Published By: Ishita Vohra

Primer, Foundation and Concealer: What is The Difference?

One of the most common questions asked by makeup beginners is the difference between foundation, primer, and concealer and how to use them. These products are essential for a flawless makeup look, but each serves a different purpose and requires unique application techniques. To assist you, we have created step-by-step instructions for each of these products. Learn everything you need to know about this powerful trio and how to use it like a pro.

What is a Primer?

Primer is used to create a smooth, even surface for the foundation, so it is applied after moisturizer and before the foundation. There are many different types of primers on the market, each designed for a specific purpose. Some are aimed at controlling shine, while others are aimed at reducing the appearance of lines and wrinkles.

What is Foundation?

Foundation is basis of any makeup look. Liquid, cream, and powder products that provide an even base for all other makeup. Its main role is to even out skin tone, cover imperfections, and create flawless skin.

What is Concealer?

A concealer is your secret weapon against imperfections. Concealer is a waterproof, long-lasting make-up product whose main function is to hide blemishes, dark circles, and redness. The creamy texture allows for smooth application, and the buildable coverage allows you to customize your look.

How To Use Primer?

Step 1: Start with clean, moisturized skin. Before applying primer, you can prep your skin with a regular moisturizer or hydrating serum.

Step 2: Choose a primer for your skin type. There are different types of primers available in the market such as Pore Minimizing Primer, Moisturizing Primer, and Colour Correcting Primer. Choose a primer that is suitable for you.

Step 3: Take a small amount of primer and apply it to your face. You can apply the primer using your fingers, brush, or sponge.

Step 4: Focus on areas that need special attention. If you have enlarged pores or fine lines, apply a little more primer to those areas to smooth them out.

Step 5: Let the primer sit on your skin for a few minutes. This will allow the primer to harden and create a smooth base for your makeup.

How To Use a Concealer?

After the primer, the C-factor is concealer. Unlike foundations, which provide comprehensive coverage, concealers are designed to specifically cover specific problem areas on your face, such as age spots or dark circles under your eyes.

Step 1: Choose a suitable concealer. Match your skin tone and address specific concerns like redness, dark circles, and age spots.

Step 2: Next, apply concealer. Use a small brush, your fingers, or a beauty blender to dab concealer onto the desired areas of your face. Make sure it fits well on your skin.

Step 3: Use a translucent powder to set your concealer in place.

How to Use the Foundation?

Step 1: Choose the right foundation. Choose a foundation that matches your skin tone and type, whether it is cream, powder, or liquid.

Step 2: Apply a small amount of foundation to areas such as your forehead, nose, cheeks, and chin.

Step 3: Blend your foundation. Use can use a foundation sponge to blend the foundation. While blending, use a downward motion to avoid streaks or lines.

Step 4: Build coverage. If more coverage is needed, apply another layer of foundation to the troubled areas and blend again.

Step 5: Set your foundation. Use a translucent powder to set your foundation and prevent it from crumbling throughout the day.